Engineering jobs are not always solely about engineering. Engineering functions were traditionally focused on building something using different variations of math and science. These jobs have recently transformed into combining more business functions.
In John Hooker's white paper, he states, "engineers are increasingly involved in startup companies in which they make business decisions as well as engineering decisions."
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Cross-functional teams include members in engineering, sales, manufacturing, marketing, and warranty. Many engineers today have multiple hats to wear and are even labeled as "project" engineers. Wikipedia defines project engineering as "bridging the boundaries between engineering and project management."
Since the role of the engineering field has changed over the years, engineers face more and more ethical choices and decisions. Engineers must create designs and services for customers in an ethical manner.
There are many different professional societies for engineers to join. Some of these people include but are not limited to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Project Management Institute (PMI), The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), and the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE). Each organization has the same code of ethics for its members.
Sample code of ethics of society from the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE):
- Engineers, in the fulfillment of their professional duties, shall:
- Hold essential safety, health, and welfare.
- Perform services only in areas of their competence.
- Issue public statements only in an objective and honest.